Transportation is basically movement of goods or people from one place to another. There are many different types of transportation such as Rail transport, road transport, water transport, animal powered transport, intermodal transport, etc.
An aeroplane is a form of Air transport. An aeroplane is a fixed wing aircraft. It needs air flow over the wings for lift and a certain area specifically a runway for landing. It normally needs an airport with infrastructure to operate. It is the second most fastest form of transport after rocket.